Captive Bred Tangs are less at risk of getting diseases

Captive Bred Livestock and Aquarium Biosecurity

Aquarium disease sucks. And that’s to say the least, because frustration with recurring maladies is the single biggest reason people leave the hobby. It's probably been that way for many generations of aquarium enthusiasts. While it creates a tiny market for medications, the impact on the aquarium livestock trade is substantial. Everyone can get hit …

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The Marine Planted Tank: Creating Your Ocean Garden

You’ve successfully kept saltwater fish. Then you moved on to corals. Then, maybe you took on the slightly greater challenge of tridacnid clams or some other delicate or specialized species—with yet more success! What’s next? There are hundreds of thousands of animal species that inhabit our planet’s tropical coral reefs. Even the most advanced reef …

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What is a Planted Marine Aquarium?

The cultivation of saltwater plants is nothing new. It has been fairly common for hobbyists to keep marine “plants” (more often macroalgae than true vascular plants) since the 1980s. Even so, we’ve seen very few aquarium systems that are built and maintained primarily for the display of marine flora. Indeed, to date, the vast majority …

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Creating a Suitable Growing Space for Your Mangrove

As of late, a few varieties of mangrove have become more available to saltwater aquarium hobbyists. With this, it will likely be a bit more common to see one of these beautiful plants poking somewhere out of one’s aquarium system. However, as keeping mangroves becomes more common, there may develop a tendency for aquarists (especially …

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Gorgonians in the Marine Aquarium

It should go without saying that the hermatypic, stony, reef-building corals will dominate most reef aquaria. Thankfully, so long as (1) key water parameters are monitored, (2) the appropriate light conditions are provided and (3) nutritious planktonic foods are present, these beautiful plant-animal symbiotic combos easily flourish even in the care of novice hobbyists. Especially …

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Court Jester Goby

The Court Jester Goby: An Essential Nano Reef Fish?

When it comes to saltwater aquarium (especially those for a reef tank), there are a lot of different attributes to consider. Of course, one of the first things we look for in an “ornamental” fish species is a pleasing or striking appearance. Then, when keeping (or planning on keeping) small, timid fishes or vulnerable invertebrates, …

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A Look at the Swallowtail Angelfish

Some fish are desirable for their rich personality. Others are sought for their intense coloration. Particularly amongst reef aquarists, some are valued solely for their grace. And there is hardly a reef-dwelling animal more graceful than the lyretail angelfishes (Genicanthus spp.). The lyretail angels, from the common Lamarck’s angel to the “holy grail” masked angel, …

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Warning - Marine Aquarium Quarantine Area

Why You Need a Quarantine Tank

Most of us invest a lot into our aquarium systems. Some of us invest a whole lot. The best means of protecting your growing livestock collection (i.e. investment) is a rigorously maintained and monitored system of quarantine. But we all already know that, right? A quarantine (QT) tank is that one thing we should have. …

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Beginners Guide to Maintaining a Saltwater Aquarium

A major component of reefing and keeping saltwater aquariums that deters people from the hobby is the maintenance that is required to upkeep them. It may feel like reefing requires too much work, but it may also be that you have an uncertainty on how to maintain a saltwater aquarium. Luckily for you, this article …

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Enhancing Coral Nutrition with Purple Non-Sulfur Bacteria

Most people who are familiar with corals–whether admiring them in the wild or displaying them in a glass box–understand quite well that corals are incredibly complex animals. This certainly so with the zooxanthellate corals. Virtually all corals (zooxanthellate corals included) are predators of plankton and other tiny organisms. But the zooxanthellate types undoubtedly are the …

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Power Outage Preparedness

Some aspects of this hobby are often overlooked until problems actually arise. Marine aquariums require a lot of time and dedication, so it is easy to understand how small things may be missed. But, sometimes small things can snowball into a disaster. If the aquarist had been prepared sooner and had the proper equipment on …

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Purple Non-Sulfur Bacteria and Natural Aquarium Filtration

Bacteria are, to say the least, ubiquitous. They are in our guts. They are in just about every breath of air we take. They most certainly should (at least some types) be in our aquarium systems. Yet, many aquarists remain a wee bit oblivious to the critical roles that bacteria and archaea play in captive …

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