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Stocking a Refugium

September 4, 2018 by greg.chernoff

Marine aquaria have a peculiar way of growing (in terms of both size and complexity) over time. These “add-ons,” be they filtration units, reactors, or whatever, grow from the so-called main tank in an almost organic manner. But, no matter...

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The Refugium: A Home for Your Pods

September 2, 2018 by Sean Tadjeran

It just isn’t enough to say that a refugium is “a tank on a tank” or “a sump with some macroalgae in it.” When used to their full potential, refugia make for a far more dynamic—yet more stable—captive ecosystem. Though...

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Peppermint Shrimp: The Aiptasia Destroyers

August 8, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Peppermint Shrimp The Aiptasia Destroyers This time was going to be different, you said. You had just set up a new aquarium system, and were going to take full advantage of every opportunity to do everything just right. Not only...

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Pincushion Urchins (Lytechinus variegatus): The Algae Destroyers

June 18, 2018 by Mariena Theall

No matter who you are, how skilled you are as an aquarist, how diligent you are at cleaning your tank, how little you feed or how advanced your filter system is, one thing is all but certain: unwanted forms of...

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From Detritus to Delicacy: Using Harpacticoid Copepods for Natural Nutrient Cycling

May 7, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Pretty much nobody wants their marine aquarium to be covered with filth and green slime. Yet, mulm and benthic microalgae show up (at least in some amount) in just about every system. This is normal to some degree. However, anything...

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MarinePure: The Ultimate Biomedium

April 16, 2018 by Mariena Theall

MarinePure: The Ultimate Biomedium Managing dissolved waste products might easily be the most important—and oftentimes most challenging—task for a marine aquarist. Ammonia, nitrite and nitrate are the waste products that usually dwell at the forefront of the aquarist’s mind, as they...

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Categories: Refugium Education

How to Seed Your Reef Tank

April 4, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Seeding (and Re-Seeding) Copepods in the Marine Aquarium It’s understandable—totally natural, even—to want to see what we’re buying when we are trying to seed copepods. In the case of live copepod products, however, the most important constituent (if present) cannot...

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Feeding Your Marine Animals Live Macroalgae

March 19, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Farmed in the ‘Fuge: Feeding Your Marine Animals Live Macroalgae Grazing might appear to be an easy and carefree way for an animal to get its meal. This is, however, not often so. For one, plants have comparatively less protein...

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The Advantages of Clean Macroalgae

March 13, 2018 by Mariena Theall

The Advantages of Clean Macroalgae It so often can be a major challenge to grow the aquarium macroalgae species we love; we really don’t need the extra chore of having to suppress the pest species we most hate. As some...

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Categories: Macroalgae

Is There Really a Difference Between Wild-Caught and Aquacultured Marine Aquarium Livestock?

March 6, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Is There Really a Difference Between Wild-Caught and Aquacultured Marine Aquarium Livestock? These days, when it comes to aquarium livestock, marine aquarists are inundated with choice. Of course, a good deal of thought typically goes into the kinds of animals...

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Enhancing the Diet of Captive Marine Animals with Live Brine Shrimp

February 27, 2018 by Mariena Theall

The marine aquarium hobby looks little like it did when it first became popularized decades ago. Nowadays, it might seem as though a new fad emerges every month. Yet, a few things seem to never change. One such undying custom...

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Categories: Captive Bred Fish

Are There Copepods in Your Reef?

January 24, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Are There Pods in My Reef? Considering that they are an integral component of pretty much all natural marine ecosystems, it is likely that a large, stable population of copepods could benefit any reef aquarium. The surest means of establishing...

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Pod Size Matters: Feeding and Seeding with Copepod Cultures of All Life Stages

December 15, 2017 by Mariena Theall

No matter how or when you do it, adding live copepod cultures to a reef aquarium has numerous benefits and absolutely no drawbacks. These tiny crustaceans provide an extremely nutritious, natural food source for a wide variety of reef animals...

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Feeding the Mandarin Fish with a Mix of Live and Prepared Foods

December 5, 2017 by Mariena Theall

For so many aquarists, the green mandarinfish (Synchiropus splendidus) is a must-have species. Its endearing personality, exquisite finnage and intense coloration rarely fail to impress. Given these highly desirable traits, it has for long been among the most popular marine...

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Pods In Your Reef: Seeding a Marine Aquarium with Copepods

September 20, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Benefits of Pods In Your Reef: Microcrustaceans (or “pods”) in general, and copepods in particular, are an integral component of aquatic food webs. This is so in virtually every marine environment including coral reef habitats. Therefore, pods in your reef...

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Mandarin Goby Fish Care | Using Copepods to keep a Mandarin Dragonet

August 14, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Mandarin Goby Fish Care 101: Foods and feeding are the foremost concern for any aquarist wishing to keep a green mandarin fish (Synchiropus splendidus). Most critical in the diet of a mandarin is (1) constant availability of feeding opportunities and...

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Isochrysis: The Microalgal Reef Aquarium Superfood

June 14, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

When imagining scenes from a warm, sunny, tropical coral reef habitat, it is easy to fill the visage with images of those zooxanthellate organisms (that is, animals that derive nutrition from certain photosynthetic dinoflagellates that reside within their outer tissues)...

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Categories: Phytoplankton

Getting Your Greens: The Benefits of Feeding Live Nannochloropsis

June 6, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Most of us want—and should want—our aquarium systems to more or less function ecologically in a way that resembles natural marine environments. Probably the most critical aspect of this is establishing a naturalistic food web. Unicellular, free-living, perpetually suspended algae...

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Categories: Copepods, Phytoplankton

A Look at the Aiptasia-Eating Filefish (Acreichthys tomentosus)

June 1, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Nuisance algae is such a common irritant to marine aquarists that any mention of the words “aquarium plague” can immediately bring to mind visages of brown films and stringy green stuff. There are, however, some animal pest species that can...

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Categories: Captive Bred Fish

Feeding Your Hungry Pods

May 17, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Marine aquarists are really attempting to accomplish several goals when introducing copepods to their systems. These undoubtedly include elimination of detritus, controlling nuisance algae and providing excellent nutrition for countless reef fish and invertebrate species. But the general aim, of...

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