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Pod Size Matters: Feeding and Seeding with Copepod Cultures of All Life Stages

December 15, 2017 by Mariena Theall

No matter how or when you do it, adding live copepod cultures to a reef aquarium has numerous benefits and absolutely no drawbacks. These tiny crustaceans provide an extremely nutritious, natural food source for a wide variety of reef animals...

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Categories: Uncategorized

Feeding the Mandarin Fish with a Mix of Live and Prepared Foods

December 5, 2017 by Mariena Theall

For so many aquarists, the green mandarinfish (Synchiropus splendidus) is a must-have species. Its endearing personality, exquisite finnage and intense coloration rarely fail to impress. Given these highly desirable traits, it has for long been among the most popular marine...

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Pods In Your Reef: Seeding a Marine Aquarium with Copepods

September 20, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Benefits of Pods In Your Reef: Microcrustaceans (or “pods”) in general, and copepods in particular, are an integral component of aquatic food webs. This is so in virtually every marine environment including coral reef habitats. Therefore, pods in your reef...

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Mandarin Goby Fish Care | Using Copepods to keep a Mandarin Dragonet

August 14, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Mandarin Goby Fish Care 101: Foods and feeding are the foremost concern for any aquarist wishing to keep a green mandarin fish (Synchiropus splendidus). Most critical in the diet of a mandarin is (1) constant availability of feeding opportunities and...

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Isochrysis: The Microalgal Reef Aquarium Superfood

June 14, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

When imagining scenes from a warm, sunny, tropical coral reef habitat, it is easy to fill the visage with images of those zooxanthellate organisms (that is, animals that derive nutrition from certain photosynthetic dinoflagellates that reside within their outer tissues)...

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Categories: Articles, Phytoplankton

Getting Your Greens: The Benefits of Feeding Live Nannochloropsis

June 6, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Most of us want—and should want—our aquarium systems to more or less function ecologically in a way that resembles natural marine environments. Probably the most critical aspect of this is establishing a naturalistic food web. Unicellular, free-living, perpetually suspended algae...

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Categories: Articles, Phytoplankton

A Look at the Aiptasia-Eating Filefish (Acreichthys tomentosus)

June 1, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Nuisance algae is such a common irritant to marine aquarists that any mention of the words “aquarium plague” can immediately bring to mind visages of brown films and stringy green stuff. There are, however, some animal pest species that can...

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Feeding Your Hungry Pods

May 17, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Marine aquarists are really attempting to accomplish several goals when introducing copepods to their systems. These undoubtedly include elimination of detritus, controlling nuisance algae and providing excellent nutrition for countless reef fish and invertebrate species. But the general aim, of...

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A Look at the Harlequin Shrimp

May 15, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

It is probably safe to say that the majority of aquarists (especially marine aquarists) are initially awestruck by the visual impact that a well-maintained aquarium can create. While they are certainly attracted to the bright colors that so many reef...

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Utilizing the Trochus Snail (Trochus spp.)

April 13, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Algae, of course, is not an inherently bad thing; without it, the natural world could not exist as we know it. However, there are many types of algae that readily grow in plague proportions under certain environmental conditions. Imbalances of...

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Categories: Articles, Clean Up Crew

Bizarre and Beautiful: The Lined Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus)

April 5, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Marine aquarists have always been fascinated with seahorses. These strange animals do make for interesting aquarium subjects. With their erect posture, rigid body, prehensile tail and their odd but clearly deliberate movement, they are unlike all other fishes. However, not...

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Ulva spp. Seaweeds: The Refugium Powerhouses

April 1, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Virtually all marine aquaria have fish residing in them. And fish must be fed. Which is fine, because most hobbyists enjoy feeding their animals and do so quite generously. The result, however, is a whole lot of fish waste. These...

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Petite and Pretty: A Look at the Neon Goby (Elacatinus spp.)

March 20, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

If there was ever a group of fishes that was just about perfect for keeping in marine aquaria it is the neon gobies. These creatures are small, colorful, active and carry out some interesting and rather valuable duties. In addition...

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An Overview of the Atlantic Sea Nettle (Chrysaora quinquecirrha)

February 8, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

It is a bit of a fortune to jellyfish enthusiasts that one of the most attractive aquarium species, the Atlantic sea nettle, is also among the easiest to take care of. The availability of captive bred specimens, as well as...

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Categories: Articles, Jellyfish

A Look at the Moon Jellyfish (Aurelia aurita)

January 25, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

It was not so long ago that one could see jellyfish only at the public aquarium or in the ocean. There were few or no sources of healthy animals for those aquarium hobbyists that were interested in keeping them. Even...

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Aquarium Cleaning Machines: Cerith Snails in the Reef Tank

January 16, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

An aquarium substrate surface can be a dirty place. Detritus, feces, uneaten fish food, film algae and other unwanted materials might pile up there. Fortunately, there are many “clean-up crew” creatures that can be used to remove various types of...

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An Overview of the Green Alga Chaetomorpha

January 9, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

The typical purpose of a refugium is to cultivate a thick bed of macroalgae. While some refugium plants provide important habitat for microcrustaceans (e.g. pods) and may even be considered to be ornamental, they are used primarily to take up...

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An Overview of the Sand-Sifting Conchs

December 19, 2016 by Kenneth Wingerter

Just as the floor is usually the dirtiest spot in the house, so is the substrate in most marine aquaria. As many aquarists who have dug their hand into a deep, mature sand bed can attest, an aquarium substrate can...

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Categories: Articles, Clean Up Crew

A Look at the Blue Tang

December 14, 2016 by Kenneth Wingerter

Even before that well-known cartoon character of the same species was conceived, the blue tang (Paracanthurus hepatus) was extremely popular in the marine aquarium hobby and, therefore, important in the ornamental fish industry. Whether one keeps true “fish tanks” (such...

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Categories: Articles, Uncategorized

An Overview of the Sand-Sifting Nassarius Snails

December 6, 2016 by Kenneth Wingerter

We all want our reef aquaria to have a clean appearance; after all, not only does good aquarium hygiene make for a more attractive display, but the coral reef environments that we are attempting to recreate are similarly nutrient and...

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Categories: Articles, Clean Up Crew
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