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Pincushion Urchins (Lytechinus variegatus): The Algae Destroyers

June 18, 2018 by Mariena Theall

No matter who you are, how skilled you are as an aquarist, how diligent you are at cleaning your tank, how little you feed or how advanced your filter system is, one thing is all but certain: unwanted forms of...

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Categories: Uncategorized

From Detritus to Delicacy: Using Harpacticoid Copepods for Natural Nutrient Cycling

May 7, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Pretty much nobody wants their marine aquarium to be covered with filth and green slime. Yet, mulm and benthic microalgae show up (at least in some amount) in just about every system. This is normal to some degree. However, anything...

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Categories: Uncategorized

MarinePure: The Ultimate Biomedium

April 16, 2018 by Mariena Theall

MarinePure: The Ultimate Biomedium Managing dissolved waste products might easily be the most important—and oftentimes most challenging—task for a marine aquarist. Ammonia, nitrite and nitrate are the waste products that usually dwell at the forefront of the aquarist’s mind, as they...

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Categories: refugiums

How to Seed Your Reef Tank

April 4, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Seeding (and Re-Seeding) Copepods in the Marine Aquarium It’s understandable—totally natural, even—to want to see what we’re buying. In the case of live copepod products, however, the most important constituent (if present) cannot be clearly observed with the naked eye....

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Feeding Your Marine Animals Live Macroalgae

March 19, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Farmed in the ‘Fuge: Feeding Your Marine Animals Live Macroalgae Grazing might appear to be an easy and carefree way for an animal to get its meal. This is, however, not often so. For one, plants have comparatively less protein...

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Categories: Macro Algae, refugiums

The Advantages of Clean Macroalgae

March 13, 2018 by Mariena Theall

The Advantages of Clean Macroalgae It so often can be a major challenge to grow the aquarium species we love; we really don’t need the extra chore of having to suppress the pest species we most hate. As some of...

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Categories: Uncategorized

Is There Really a Difference Between Wild-Caught and Aquacultured Marine Aquarium Livestock?

March 6, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Is There Really a Difference Between Wild-Caught and Aquacultured Marine Aquarium Livestock? These days, when it comes to aquarium livestock, marine aquarists are inundated with choice. Of course, a good deal of thought typically goes into the kinds of animals...

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Categories: Uncategorized

Enhancing the Diet of Captive Marine Animals with Live Brine Shrimp

February 27, 2018 by Mariena Theall

The marine aquarium hobby looks little like it did when it first became popularized decades ago. Nowadays, it might seem as though a new fad emerges every month. Yet, a few things seem to never change. One such undying custom...

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Categories: Captive Bred Fish

Are There Pods in My Reef?

January 24, 2018 by Mariena Theall

Are There Pods in My Reef? Considering that they are an integral component of pretty much all natural marine ecosystems, it is likely that a large, stable population of copepods could benefit any reef aquarium. The surest means of establishing...

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Categories: Uncategorized

Pod Size Matters: Feeding and Seeding with Copepod Cultures of All Life Stages

December 15, 2017 by Mariena Theall

No matter how or when you do it, adding live copepod cultures to a reef aquarium has numerous benefits and absolutely no drawbacks. These tiny crustaceans provide an extremely nutritious, natural food source for a wide variety of reef animals...

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Categories: Uncategorized

Feeding the Mandarin Fish with a Mix of Live and Prepared Foods

December 5, 2017 by Mariena Theall

For so many aquarists, the green mandarinfish (Synchiropus splendidus) is a must-have species. Its endearing personality, exquisite finnage and intense coloration rarely fail to impress. Given these highly desirable traits, it has for long been among the most popular marine...

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Pods In Your Reef: Seeding a Marine Aquarium with Copepods

September 20, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Benefits of Pods In Your Reef: Microcrustaceans (or “pods”) in general, and copepods in particular, are an integral component of aquatic food webs. This is so in virtually every marine environment including coral reef habitats. Therefore, pods in your reef...

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Mandarin Goby Fish Care | Using Copepods to keep a Mandarin Dragonet

August 14, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Mandarin Goby Fish Care 101: Foods and feeding are the foremost concern for any aquarist wishing to keep a green mandarin fish (Synchiropus splendidus). Most critical in the diet of a mandarin is (1) constant availability of feeding opportunities and...

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Isochrysis: The Microalgal Reef Aquarium Superfood

June 14, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

When imagining scenes from a warm, sunny, tropical coral reef habitat, it is easy to fill the visage with images of those zooxanthellate organisms (that is, animals that derive nutrition from certain photosynthetic dinoflagellates that reside within their outer tissues)...

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Categories: Articles, Phytoplankton

Getting Your Greens: The Benefits of Feeding Live Nannochloropsis

June 6, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Most of us want—and should want—our aquarium systems to more or less function ecologically in a way that resembles natural marine environments. Probably the most critical aspect of this is establishing a naturalistic food web. Unicellular, free-living, perpetually suspended algae...

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Categories: Articles, Phytoplankton

A Look at the Aiptasia-Eating Filefish (Acreichthys tomentosus)

June 1, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Nuisance algae is such a common irritant to marine aquarists that any mention of the words “aquarium plague” can immediately bring to mind visages of brown films and stringy green stuff. There are, however, some animal pest species that can...

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Feeding Your Hungry Pods

May 17, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Marine aquarists are really attempting to accomplish several goals when introducing copepods to their systems. These undoubtedly include elimination of detritus, controlling nuisance algae and providing excellent nutrition for countless reef fish and invertebrate species. But the general aim, of...

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A Look at the Harlequin Shrimp

May 15, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

It is probably safe to say that the majority of aquarists (especially marine aquarists) are initially awestruck by the visual impact that a well-maintained aquarium can create. While they are certainly attracted to the bright colors that so many reef...

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Utilizing the Trochus Snail (Trochus spp.)

April 13, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Algae, of course, is not an inherently bad thing; without it, the natural world could not exist as we know it. However, there are many types of algae that readily grow in plague proportions under certain environmental conditions. Imbalances of...

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Categories: Articles, Clean Up Crew

Bizarre and Beautiful: The Lined Seahorse (Hippocampus erectus)

April 5, 2017 by Kenneth Wingerter

Marine aquarists have always been fascinated with seahorses. These strange animals do make for interesting aquarium subjects. With their erect posture, rigid body, prehensile tail and their odd but clearly deliberate movement, they are unlike all other fishes. However, not...

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