Hobbyists, vendors, captive bred fish breeders and, of course, the fishes are all cheering on this year’s developments in saltwater aquarium fish aquaculture. We really can say that the last five or six have been extraordinary; it’s been a nice, long winning streak where we saw more new families of fish commercially cultured than we used to see new species. It may even–at a time where corals reign supreme–be the dawn of a golden age for captive bred fish.
Now, we stress dawn. It’s way too early for proponents of sustainable marine aquaculture to pat themselves on the back at a time when only roughly 10% of animals in the marine side of the trade are bred and reared in captivity. Consumers are demanding more captive-bred options; and, there is no number of novel clownfish cultivars with novel names that will satisfy them. What the marine aquarium hobby has really needed are some really big advancements in the culture of some big species in the trade. Without a few more commercially important species in continuous production, it would be really difficult to boost those percentages much.
This year (quite recently, in fact) we got some of that with the recent releases of captive bred stock from three important ornamental marine fish families. Specifically, hobbyists can now opt for “captive bred” when buying yellow tangs (Zebrasoma flavescens), coral beauty angelfish (Centropyge bispinosus) and lined seahorses (Hippocampus erectus).
We know, these have all been (sort of) available before (especially H. erectus). Still, where some of these past offerings have been chance, get-one-while-you-can affairs, it seems that there will very soon be a consistent production and widespread distribution of these longtime favorites.
The case of the lined seahorse is a bit different; what we find promising here is the increasing willingness of home aquarists to invest considerable time and resources into maintaining rather specialized species tanks. What is particularly cool about this is that it appears to have come about as a direct result of a dramatically improved quality/availability of captive bred seahorses.
But did the improved production follow some buzz in the seahorse breeding community of an impending surge of interest in syngnathids? Do fish farmers really ever create the demand? To us, it mostly seems to be a cycle of positive feedback. We undoubtedly would not see the recent successes in so many aquaculture facilities if it were not for the growing support of their customers–the shops you support!
As many of you may already know, all livestock available at AlgaeBarn is captive bred. We proudly join hobbyists in their effort to promote aquaculture by offering quality live products from the very best breeders in the world. Indeed, we now carry all three of the above-mentioned species and would love to celebrate the breakthrough of their mass culture by sharing some information about each of them here.
Captive Bred Yellow Tang
Talk about a hobby staple! Given the huge market value of the species (as well as some of the controversies that have always centered around its wild fishery), tang farming has always been in sight of fish culturists for a long time. But it wasn’t easy. Even determined researchers at the Oceanic Institute (Hawaii) struggled with them for years.
Some might argue that the yellow tang fisheries were already well managed and quite sustainable. That certainly may be the case, and we certainly hope that it is! But, here as in nearly every case, captive breeding will make all the difference in the quality of the animal as a “pet.” These benefits extend to the aquarist as well as the livestock. Why? It’s simple. Captive bred animals are easier to keep.
For aquacultured yellow tangs, these benefits are three-fold:
- They are less likely to carry and transmit deadly external parasites (wild tangs are notorious for this).
- They better adapt to the confines of a tank (as tangs are naturally highly active, wild specimens might feel cramped in captivity).
- They are more social (since domestication tends to minimize aggressive behavior, cultured tangs are likely to be more peaceful than their sometimes scrappy wild counterparts).
Coral Beauty Angelfish
This also is huge. This species just too pretty to lose its widespread appeal among reef aquarium hobbyists. Without a doubt, the commercial-scale production of this spectacular fish will have a significant impact on the trade. This is not only because coral beauties (like yellow tangs) claim a big chunk of market value, but also because breeding techniques developed here can be applied to culture other, popular, members of the family. Yeah, really huge now, because Centropyge spp. includes other highly desirable fishes such as lemonpeel angels, flame angels, bicolor angels…
One more interesting thing here. As gorgeous as so many of them are, reef fishes tend to exhibit very little variation in color/pattern amongst their kind. Coral beauties are a notable exception to this, with a few distinctive geographic color variants. Some mostly show off the purples and some mostly show off the oranges, but are all striking. What this means is that different breeders can focus on specific colors, giving consumers yet more choice! And, because these are all wild morphs, they are still attractive to aquarists who wish to have choices and maintain a natural appearance to their display.
Wild seahorses were one of the first easy-to-get ornamental saltwater fish. Almost unbelievably, at one time, kids could buy them via mail order (often H. erectus) for their fish bowls. Needless to say, this rarely if ever ended well for the fish. Easy to get doesn’t at all equate with easy to keep. It’s bad enough that the average aquarium system of the day was not so great and seahorse husbandry was not so well understood. But the condition of these wild caught specimens was really bad. There often is an especially big difference cultured and wild-caught seahorses:
- Captive bred individuals are easier to feed.
- Captive bred individuals are far less like likely to carry and succumb to certain pernicious viral and bacterial infections.
- Captive bred individuals are less likely to have been subjected to heat stress in the holding tanks of careless middlemen/transhippers.
Who could have imagined just ten years ago that we’d come so far so fast? And while AlgaeBarn applauds the pioneering aquaculturists that introduce new captive bred fish species to the hobby each year, we’d like to share a toast with everyone that participates in the trade, including the supportive hobbyists themselves without whom it could never be possible.
Here’s to a fruitful 2019!
William Glazer says
Great article, I prefer tank raised always. So much easier to keep.
Chris Becerra says
Great article you guys exude my experience and want to make me buy one
Brandon jones says
I love the fact that you won’t have to worry about disease and infections when getting one of these from you guys.
Kieran raines says
I agree. I kept a pair of wild clowns for a few months and they tore my entire tank up. Toppling corals and just being a real pest
Oliver Song says
Oliver Song says
This is a good article… wonderful info about captive bred animals
Chris becerra says
Love the effort on tank raise makes hobby so much suscceful thanks you guys
Chris Becerra says
Great information always go tank raise
Chris Becerra says
Captive breed it’s finally here with this comes more succes to the hubby plus all the information provided to us by pages like Angie barn makes the average hubbiest a bit more successful and confident on trying keep a fish like this thanks algae barn
Love this site… encouraging information…
Awesome article! I Hope that captive breeding of more and more species becomes common practice, as the benefits are clearly shown.
Linh Nguyen says
Great article! Good knowing efforts are being made in captive breeding. Good for wildlife and hobbyists!
Chris Becerra says
Captive breed it’s finally here with this comes more succes to the hubby plus all the information provided to us by pages like Angie barn makes the average hubbiest a bit more successful and confident on trying keep a fish like this thanks algae barn!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Looking forward to the future of captive bred fish!
Great article! I try to buy captive bred whenever possible. Hoping to see more captive bred species in the near future! ?
Victoria Brewer says
Captive bred fish is the future of our hobby
Compy Ginorio says
In deed, captive breed specimens is an eco-friendly approach to the hobby. In a matter of fact is the best way to maintain a healthy population of endangered species and also disponibilities for reef keeping. At this time point their cost is more expensive than their wild cought counter parts. But it’s a relative new approach for reef keeping sustentability, I think that in a near future they will be less expensive as hatcheries improve and develop more cost effective methods for cultivate and breed. Making it more affordable and by so it will increase demand and desirability among the hobbiest. It’s a win, win for all part (spices, hatchery and reefers).
Amie Holmes says
Great company with fabulous customer service!
I enjoyed reading this article it was very interesting
Mohammed haque says
What a great read
Jeff Dick says
I have several captive bred fish in my tank. Love them! Usually hardier, sustainable and just awesome! 🙂
Danielle Jaycox says
I only buy captive bred fish
Christopher Pearson says
Keep adding more varieties please!
Robert Blevins says
Captive breeders are very important to the aquarium industry. Great article
John Castillo says
Save the oceans! Captive bred fish are more sustainable and we don’t have to disturb the ocean life. Thank you for the knowledge,
Save the oceans! Why would we continue to pay for people to destroy habitats and take fish out of the ocean when we can breed them in captivity? Thank you for your knowledge. Love the article
Awesome Wright up
Kristen Potter says
Christopher Burns says
I love seeing the new species they are coming out with
Jeff Britman says
Captive bred is such a great thing, stronger healthier fish and less impact on the world.
Hopefully, Biota applies there coral beauty angelfish breeding and rearing to other angelfishes like the flameback angelfish. Also, produce some spotted mandarins.
Paul McGhee says
LIKE CORAL FRAGGING, IT’S THE FUTURE OF OUR HOBBY.
Jennifer Jenkins says
Love all the information
Daniel Ugas says
Awesome article. Fantastic news to be moving in the hobby with more successful cultured species, keeping the wild as It is.
The difference between tank raised and wild is hands down better.
Kendra V says
So good to hear that more of these species are being captive bred.